Open Skies agreements are policies aimed at creating an international market economy environment for the aviation industry. This is to use guidelines to relax rules and regulations and to minimise government intervention for passenger, cargo and combined air transport – both in scheduled and charter traffic. Air transport agreements can be bilateral (with two countries) or multilateral (with three or more countries).  Governments implementing an open skies policy may try to derive economic benefits from it, such as . B more trade and tourism, or increase the profits of their national airlines through international expansion. One of the most important aspects of transport and tourism, not only in Europe but worldwide, is the ability to have international relations and travel between countries. To ensure that there is open traffic between the United States and Europe, there is what is called the Open Skies Agreement. The Open Skies Regulation covers the area over which the Parties exercise sovereignty, including the mainland, islands and internal and territorial waters. The Treaty provides that the entire territory of a Member State is open to observation. Observation flights may only be restricted for reasons of aviation safety and not for reasons of national security.
 Our analysis – the first rigorous assessment of the impact of the Open Skies agreements – shows that these agreements as a whole have led to a 10% increase in the number of transatlantic passengers. By extrapolation, we calculated that abolishing the remaining restrictive bilateral agreements would result in a profit of at least 2.2 million passengers per year, mainly on US-UK routes, and an increase in consumer benefits of $600 billion to $1.5 billion per year. This is a lower estimate because it is based on the impact of bilateral open skies agreements and open airspace would allow for even greater liberalisation. The EU-US Open Skies Agreement is an open skies air transport agreement between the European Union (EU) and the United States (USA). The agreement allows any european union airline and any U.S. airline to fly between any point in the European Union and any point in the United States. EU and US airlines are allowed to fly to another destination in another country after their first stopover (Fifth Freedom Rights). Since the EU is not treated as a single territory for the purposes of the agreement, this means in practice that US airlines can fly between two EU points as long as that flight is the continuation of a flight that started in the US (e.B. New York – London – Berlin).
EU airlines are also allowed to fly between the US and non-EU countries that are part of the European Common Aviation Area, such as Switzerland. EU and US airlines can operate all cargo flights under seventh freedom rights, meaning that US airlines` pure cargo flights can be operated from one EU country to any other country (including another EU country) and EU airlines` pure cargo flights can be operated between the US and any other country. country.  Norway and Iceland joined the agreement from 2011 and their airlines enjoy the same rights as EU airlines.  There have been discussions on the consequences of the UK`s withdrawal from the EU (Brexit) in 2020 for UK and US airlines travelling between the UK and the US.  The EU and Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union, David Davis, have now confirmed that it is likely that the UK will leave the EU-US Open Skies Agreement.   Subsequently, it appeared that the United Kingdom had begun negotiations with the United States on a future air transport agreement between the United States and the United Kingdom.  Third, the abolition of the four “unincasting” agreements would lead to an increase in passenger transport […].