Clients` rights against brokers and securities dealers are almost always settled in accordance with contractual arbitration clauses, as securities dealers are required to settle disputes with their clients, in accordance with the terms of their affiliation with self-regulatory bodies such as the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (formerly NASD) or the NYSE. Companies then began to include arbitration agreements in their customer agreements, which required their clients to settle disputes.   Within the United States, the choice of legal clauses is generally applicable, although exceptions may sometimes apply on the basis of public policy.  Within the European Union, even if the parties have negotiated a legal choice clause, legal disputes may be resolved by Rome I.  If one of the parties to the agreement is headquartered in the United States, the contracting parties intend the agreement to be a framework agreement within the meaning of Article 11 U.S.C. Section 101 (53B) (C) and 12 U.S. C S. Section 1821. If the contractual terms are uncertain or incomplete, the parties do not reach an agreement in the eyes of the law.  An agreement is not a contract and the inability to agree on key issues that may include price or security elements may lead to the failure of the entire contract. However, a court will endeavour to implement commercial contracts where possible by excluding an appropriate design of the contract.  In New South Wales, even if a contract is uncertain or incomplete, the contract may remain binding on the parties if a sufficiently secure and comprehensive clause requires the parties to submit to arbitration, negotiation or mediation.  Damage can be general or logical.
General damage is damage that naturally results from an offence. Consecutive damages are damages which, although not naturally the result of an offence, are of course accepted by both parties at the time of writing. An example would be that someone rents a car to go to a business meeting, but if that person comes to pick up the car, they are not there. The general damage would be the cost of renting another car. Consecutive damage would be lost if that person could not make it to the meeting, if both parties knew why the party rented the car. However, the obligation to reduce losses remains.