In the case of the COVID 19 pandemic, the state of emergency and related measures were declared by the Spanish royal decree 463/2020 of 14 March 2020, which came into force on the same day. Are there any precedents for damages because of the state of emergency? Spanish legislation defines the causes of force majeure and, although health crises and epidemics are not explicitly mentioned, it includes “natural phenomena with disastrous effects” and “serious disturbances of public order”. Health crises are precisely “serious disturbances of public order” that justify the state of emergency (Article 4 of the Spanish Organic Law 4/1981). On 14 November 1975, delegations legally representing the governments of Spain, Morocco and Mauritania declared that they had agreed on the following principles: the terms of each agreement must in any event be considered in cases where the circumstances allowing the contractor to compensate (whether extending or restricting these circumstances) are considered in concrete terms. The future of the province has been the subject of controversy for several years, with both Morocco and Mauritania demanding the total annexation of their territory and Spain attempting to establish either a regime of internal autonomy or an independent pro-Spanish Sahrawi state. In addition, an independent group of indigenous Sahrawis, called the Polisario Front, sought independence through the guerrillas. Since 1963, the United Nations has regarded the territory as a colony and has called for self-determination in accordance with General Assembly Resolution 1514. [Citation required] It is a constitutional measure that allows the government to take exceptional measures to deal with serious disruptions to normality, such as a health crisis. The government can use the necessary executive powers of the state to deal with the crisis (including the powers of regional or local authorities) and take action without the need for formal legislation. These measures are defined in the royal decree declaring a state of emergency and successive decrees. No no. This state was proclaimed only on one previous occasion, and it was a very different situation: flights were suspended due to a huge air traffic controller failure, and the action taken was to involve the Spanish army and force staff to return to work. The Madrid Agreements, also known as the Madrid or Madrid Agreements, were a treaty between Spain, Morocco and Mauritania to end the Spanish presence in the Spanish Sahara, which was a Spanish province and a former colony until the creation of the Madrid Agreements.
November 1975, six days before Franco`s death, signed in Madrid, although it was never published on the Boletin Oficial del Estado. This agreement was at odds with the law on the decolonization of the Sahara, ratified by the Spanish Parliament (Cortes) on 18 November.  As the cause of the Madrid agreement, the territory would then be divided between Morocco and Mauritania. The Study of the United States Library of Congress on Mauritania (1990) indicates that Spain was willing to decolonize the Sahara and leave the territory before 28 February 1976, according to the terms of the publication of the [treaty]. In the meantime, the region would be managed by the Spanish Governor General, supported by two Moroccan and Mauritanian vice-governors who would respect the public opinion of the Sahara, as expressed by the Yemaa. (…) With regard to the Bu Craa deposits (a phosphate mine), Spain would retain 35% of the shares of Fosfatos de Bucraa, S.A., Fosbucraa, and some of the 65 per cent that would go to Morocco would probably be allocated to Mauritania.